Location, Location, Location
The variety of places where Osho has spoken in India is simply incredible. This is a survey of all those places, including as well the few (five, underlined) that were outside India. There were some places among them where he was scheduled to speak but perhaps didn't. The places we know of as sure get a tick mark (), while questionable places get a question mark (), signifying rumoured, scheduled, maybe or likely, but not (yet) verified.
Note that a few cities (italicized) have changed their names since colonial times. See Footnote 1 for more on this.
One can see relatively quickly that the vast majority of these places are in only three states, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh, with 24, 22 and 16 places respectively. All the other Indian states combined come to only 19, with the rest of the world 5.
Most of these places were first visited in the 1960s. This was the first phase of gathering his people, and it took a while. After 1970 his travels to other places dropped considerably, and more and more consisted of "retreat"-like situations in meditation camps rather than crowds in cities. In the early 70s, he still did crowds when it suited his purposes, but they did not involve travel. It was all in Mumbai except for camps and a rare "Geeta Gyan Yagya" tour. His people had gathered, or were going to gather, without further "outreach" in the form of travel.
1. During colonial times, the British occupiers were somewhat arbitrary in rendering the names of some Indian cities. It is said that they couldn't pronounce Indian names properly because of their stiff upper lip. At any rate, after India's independence in 1947, some cities began to change them "back", to represent their names as consistently as possible in this new alphabet, according to current transliteration customs, which are also evolving but that's another story.
Jabalpur was one of the first to do so, from Jubbulpore, so there has been no modern-era confusion about it. Bombay (Mumbai) and Poona (Pune) came rather later to the game, only in the mid-1990s, so many historical references to these towns are struggling with the change, as are more than a few old sannyasins.
In the table above, all changed names have been rendered according to newer versions except Delhi, which has not actually yet changed but is currently in a campaign to do so, to Dilli, a "proper" transliteration of दिल्ली, with "Dehli" another contender. Stay tuned. Other upgrades above include:
- Vadodara (Baroda)
- Bengaluru (Bangalore)
- Kolkata (Calcutta)
- Chennai (Madras)
- Varanasi (Benares, changed long enough ago to not be a disturbance)
- Chandrapur (Chanda, more of a name change than a restoration)
- Kanpur (Cawnpore, not likely to induce any puzzlement)