Zen masters in Osho's talks (source document)

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This page is an adaptation of (an adaptation of) a document that is no longer on the (searchable) net as of Apr 2015 but is archived at Archive.org. The author, an American Chan/Zen and Osho enthusiast and Chinese scholar called "Oshobob", has researched deeply in the history of Chan/Zen and made pages for each master Osho has commented on, complete with a short bio-history and Osho quotes. Linking them all together is a chart tracing their master-disciple lineages. The intermediate adaptation referred to above has attempted to sift the mountain of data Oshobob amassed and address the (relatively few) anomalies in the original and make it more accessible and streamlined. It can be found here, and links to (adaptations of) individual pages for each master. An image version of this chart is on the right, click for full size.

Names shown in the "charts" below are all Chan/Zen masters on whom Osho comments. Note that most of them are Chinese but emphasis is given to the Japanese versions of their names, as those are the ones Osho mostly uses. Where he uses the Chinese names, it is per the now somewhat obsolete Wade-Giles romanization, so that usage is followed here, with apologies to (modern Chinese) Pinyin enthusiasts. Pinyin versions are available at the linked sites.

Notation (relates mostly to lineage):
1. Italic = having no known disciples on whom Osho comments or a short specified lineage (in parentheses).
2. Underline = part of a lineage continuing on to the next underlined master.
3. ** = Lineage continues in a separate box below.
4. xMB = x master(s) between, ie in that master-disciple lineage that Osho did not comment on. Oshobob's site has names for them all and pages for many of them, though few are as detailed as for those Osho mentions.
5. †† = Lineage continues in Japan. Oshobob's detailed lineage history only went as far as Japan. He has all of the Japanese Zen masters Osho has talked about too, but for the most part not their lineage connections.
6. Lineages in boxes inset furthest right are not known to continue through to Japan.
7. ¹ = Whole book(s) dedicated to this master.


Gautam Buddha¹ ==> Mahakashyapa ==> Ananda ==> 11 MB ==> Nagarjuna ==> 12 MB ==> Prajnatara ==> Bodhidharma¹ ==> Soji + Dofuku + Doiku + Eka (Huike) ==> Sosan (Seng Ts'an)¹ ==> 1 MB ==> (5 MB Dorin) + Gunin ==> Jinshu + Eno (Hui Neng) ==> (Nanyo Tangen) + Yoka¹ + Nangaku** + Seigen**

Nangaku ==> Ma Tzu¹ ==> Shokei + Daishu + Gosetsu + Kin'gyu + Shih Kung + Ryuzan + (Banzan Fuke) + Teng Yin Feng + (Kisu 1 MB Massan) + Enkan + (Mayoku Ryosui) + Roso + Seido + Ukyu + Shui Lao + ((Daibai + Ho Koji) 1MB Gutei) + (Nansen¹ Tsu Hu + Chosha + Rikuko + (Joshu¹ Koko + Yen Yang)) + Hyakujo¹ ==> Daiji + Goho + (Guishan Da'an Daizui) + Shen Tsan + Isan¹** + Obaku (Huang Po)**

Seigen ==> Sekito ==> Daiten + (Choshi Sekishitsu) + Shodai + (Tanka Tennen Suibi (Shohei + Tosu)) + Tenno** + Yakusan¹**

Isan¹ ==> Kyogen + Kyozan¹ Ryusen + Kakusan + (1 MB Shifuku) + (Nanto Basho Koyo)

Tenno ==> Ryutan ==> Tokusan ==> (Ganto Zuigan + (Lo Shan Myosho + Tenjiku)) + Seppo ==> Ku Shan + Chokei + Kyosei + Hofuku + (Ummon Tozan (Shusho) + (1 MB Chimon Setcho)) + (Gensha Jizo Hogen 1 MB Joten Dogen)

Obaku (Huang Po) ==> (Bokushu Ummon) + Haikyu + Rinzai¹ ==> Tanku + Sansho + Koke ==> Nanyin ==> Fuketsu ==> 2 MB ==> Hui Chueh + Sekiso ==> Suigan + (8 MB ==> Eisai††) + (2 MB ==> Goso**)

Yakusan¹ ==> Riko + Gao + (1 MB Kassan Lo P'u) + (Dogo Zengen + (Sekiso Keisho Kyuho Kasan)) + Ungan ==> Anzan + Tozan (Ryokai)**

Goso ==> (4 MB Mumon) + Engo ==> Ta Hui¹ + (5 MB ==> Daikaku††) + (5 MB ==> Shoitsu††) + (6 MB ==> Daio Kokushi††)

Tozan (Ryokai) ==> Ryuge + Kinzan + Sozan Kyonin + Sozan + Ungo ==> 5 MB ==> Dokai ==> (5 MB Bansho) + Tanka Shijun ==> Choro ==> 2 MB ==> Ju Ching ==> Dogen¹††

JAPAN: There were many currents and lineages taking Chan into Japan, where it became Zen. As mentioned above, Oshobob does not show their internal lineage connections, perhaps because his knowledge of Japanese language and culture was less, or perhaps their historical records on this theme are less complete than the Chinese equivalents. Whatever.

Below, the first column shows those who first brought Zen into Japan, crossing the significant cultural, language and just plain geographical gaps. Some were Chinese "missionaries" (C) and some Japanese seekers (J) who went to China and returned enlightened to teach in their country. Lineage connections are shown where known.

Eisai (J)
Daio Kokushi (J)
Shoitsu (J)
Daikaku (C)
Bukko (C)
Seisetsu (C)
Dogen¹ (J)

                Tetsugyu        Mamiya             Hakuin¹ → Torei → Gasan Jito
→ Daito Kukushi           Muso       Yagyu Tajima           Shoju
          Foso           Bankei       Ryokan               Hakuju
Takuan             Ekido → Mokusen         Gasan Joseki → Basui
→ Chiyono         Nan'in           Ikkyu¹     Manzan
          Basho¹               Kakua             Ekkei → Dokuan
→ Koun             Fugai             Shichiri Kojun           Kosen

Notes and Oddities:

Osho comments on two important Chan masters not shown in the lineage charts because their lineage is not known. They are Hotei and Kakuan, the latter having a whole book dedicated to his work.

Ummon appears twice in the charts above, being noted as the disciple of two very disparate masters.
Basho appears twice, but these are two different masters with the same name.
Other "duplications" are sorted out by surnames and alt-names.