Sw Anand Maitreya

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(Mathura Prasad Mishra aka Mathura Babu)

He left his body Jul 17, 1987.

Like everyone, Maitreya was unique. He was at the height of his political career when he met Osho in the early 60s, in his third five-year term (1952, 1957, 1962) as a Member of Parliament in India, though it was said that he was on track for even "greater" things, rubbing shoulders with Jawaharlal Nehru, etc. Meeting Osho derailed that completely. Osho never failed to speak of him in very positive terms. In his time in Osho's communes, Maitreya translated and edited many of Osho's books. Osho says he never missed a moment of going into meditation as much as possible.

Maitreya is possibly best known among sannyasins for his part in one of Osho's most celebrated devices: In 1984 at the ranch, Osho named a group of 21 disciples as enlightened. Certain "expected" names were included, some were omitted, and there were also surprises. A few weeks later he announced that it was all just a joke, a device to puff up some egos and see who would do what with it.

Two of these 21 were Indian, and had some understanding of what it meant to be enlightened. One of them, Sw Vinod Bharti, went to Osho in tears and begged to be let off this excruciating hook, because he knew he wasn't enlightened. Osho told him to relax, okay, he wasn't enlightened. Maitreya was the other. He just laughed about it and said Osho is really a rascal. Three years later, Maitreya left his body, at which point Osho said he really was enlightened and understood what he had been up to. That story and more about Maitreya are recounted in discourse #6 of the Ta Hui series.

Osho has also spoken on numerous occasions of the Buddhist concept(s) of Maitreya, a sort of "return of Buddha" in various ways from straight reincarnation to, more generally, a friendly and compassionate bodhisattva incarnating to save all who will listen. And he of course also played with it for a few days as part of his name-change process in 1988-89. But mostly he has spoken of Maitreya as a new paradigm, the master as a friend, a less formal, less hierarchical and less serious form of relating than the old master-disciple game. His giving Mathura this name thus resonates well with the kind and friendly Maitreya that all who came to know him could attest to.

Osho wrote many letters to Mathura Prasad / Maitreya. The wiki has images of many of them:

Letter written on 5 April 1965 am -- published in Antarveena (अंतर्वीणा), letter #7
Letter written on 6 Oct 1965 -- published in Antarveena (अंतर्वीणा), letter #9
Letter written on 20 Apr 1966
Undated Letter written to Maitreya 01 (≤Nov 1968)
Letter written on 20 Feb 1969 -- published in Ghoonghat Ke Pat Khol (घूंघट के पट खोल), letter 26
Letter written on 25 Jun 1969
Letter written on 2 Jan 1970 -- published in Prem Ke Phool (प्रेम के फूल), letter #50
Letter written on 10 Apr 1970 -- published in Prem Ke Phool (प्रेम के फूल), letter #61
Letter written on 12 Nov 1970 (Maitreya) -- published in Dhai Aakhar Prem Ka (ढ़ाई आखर प्रेम का), letter #41
Letter written on 16 Jan 1971 (Maitreya) -- published in Dhai Aakhar Prem Ka (ढ़ाई आखर प्रेम का), letter #79

see also
Swami Anand Maitreya - The Celebration (1987)
The Great Zen Master Ta Hui ~ 06 - this talk Osho dedicated to Anand Maitreya
Excerpts from Osho's comments on Maitreya at Osho World
He Has Attained (Osho News)