Trademarks and copyright
THE CONTENT OF THIS WIKI PAGE (NAMED "Trademarks and copyright") IS WITHOUT PREJUDICE.
™ ® Trademarks
The majority of trademarks in connection with Osho have been filed by Osho International Foundation, Zurich. Like most multinational corporations, OIF has filed trademarks around the world incl. Australia, Canada, the EU, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the USA.
Trademarks have been filed with national trademark offices and international organisations like the European Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM/OAMI/EM) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO/WO).
The trademarks that have been filed are shown in the table below.
|YEAR-MM-DD||Magenta : Active trademarks||One or more countries where the mark is valid.
List of country codes...
|A word or a design.||YEAR||Details are linked directly to the trademark webpages, with the exception of Indian trademarks which can't be linked directly.)|
|Green : Opposed and cancelled in major opposition/court cases|
|White : Expired (or none that year)|
|1978-10-12||Rajneesh Foundation, Pune||IN||RAJNEESH||341573|
|1979-03-09||Rajneesh Foundation, Pune||DE||RAJNEESH||1999||1000811|
|1979-04-30||Rajneesh Foundation, Pune||US||RAJNEESH||1989||73213666|
|1982-01-25||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||US||1990||73346982|
|1982-11-03||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||AU||1986||383408|
|1982-11-03||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||AU||RAJNEESH||1986||383409|
|1983-04-11||Rajneesh Neo-Sannyas International Commune, USA||US||1992||73421039|
|1984-01-27||Hans-Helmuth Rollhausen, Germany||DE||RAJNEESH||1994||1073433|
|1984-01-27||Hans-Helmuth Rollhausen, Germany||DE||1994||1114260|
|1984-04-18||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||US||BHAGWAN||1992||73476074|
|1985-06-25||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||AU||RAJNEESH||1992||428857|
|1985-09-09||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||US||1993||73557199|
|1985-09-09||Rajneesh Foundation International, USA||US||1992||73557200|
|1987-11-11||Rajneesh Foundation of Australia||AU||RAJNEESH||1990||476270|
|1987-11-11||Rajneesh Foundation of Australia||AU||RAJNEESH||1990||476271|
|1989-12-17||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||DEPROGRAMMING: CUTTING THE ROOTS OF FEAR||2010||378307|
|1989-12-17||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||MYSTIC ROSE||2010||378308|
|1989-12-17||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||NO-MIND||2010||378309|
|1990-06-18||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||OSHO DIVINE HEALING||2010||385893|
|1990-10-11||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||OSHO REBALANCING||P-379766|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||P-386688|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||2011||386689|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||2011||386690|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||CLUB MEDITATION||2011||386704|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||OSHO||P-386705|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||OSHO MYSTERY SCHOOL||P-386706|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||ZENNIS||2011||386772|
|1991-07-10||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||WO : BX DE ES FR IT RU||OSHO REBALANCING||573623|
|1991-10-23||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||WO : BX DE ES FR IT RU||577776|
|1991-10-23||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||WO : BX DE ES FR IT RU||OSHO||578180|
|1991-10-23||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||WO : BX DE ES FR IT RU||577775|
|1992-01-07||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||2001||74235704|
|1992-01-07||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||2001||74235597|
|1992-01-07||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO||2009 see more...||74235595|
|1994-05-19||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO||2005 see more...||628444|
|1994-05-19||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO||2005 see more...||628445|
|1995-08-17||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO VISION||677037|
|1995-08-17||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO VISION||677038|
|1995-12-22||Osho Love Affair, New Delhi||IN||OSHO LOVE AFFAIR||691963|
|1997-03-17||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO||2009 see more...||75258493|
|1997-03-17||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO||2009 see more...||75258494|
|1997-12-29||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO REBALANCING||2009 see more...||75411426|
|1998-07-16||Osho Sugama Meditation Center, Brno||CZ||OSHO||134468|
|1998-07-20||Osho Sugama Meditation Center, Brno||SK||OSHO||216553|
|1998-12-02||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||EM||OSHO||001008481|
|1999-03-11||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||EM||OSHO||2000||001102227|
|1999-03-12||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||AU||OSHO||788114|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO||2009 see more...||75683097|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||NATARAJ MEDITATION||2001||75683091|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||NADABRAHMA MEDITATION||2001||75683092|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||KUNDALINI MEDITATION||2001||75683093|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||GOURISHANKAR MEDITATION||2001||75683094|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||DYNAMIC MEDITATION||2001||75683095|
|1999-04-15||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||ACTIVE MEDITATIONS||2001||75683096|
|1999-05-17||Osho Rajyoga Meditation Centre, New Delhi||IN||2008 see more...||856615|
|1999-06-28||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||SPIRITUALLY INCORRECT||2003||75737797|
|1999-06-28||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||SPIRITUALLY INCORRECT||75980412|
|1999-06-30||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||EM||OSHO||see more...||001224831|
|1999-10-29||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO ACTIVE MEDITATIONS||2009 see more...||75834601|
|1999-11-02||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CA||OSHO||1034463|
|2000-05-31||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO KUNDALINI MEDITATION||2009 see more...||76060676|
|2000-08-28||Osho Rajyoga Meditation Centre, New Delhi||IN||OSHO WORLD||2005 see more...||950407|
|2000-08-28||Osho Rajyoga Meditation Centre, New Delhi||IN||OSHO WORLD||2014 see more...||950408|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO ZEN TAROT||2009 see more...||76159554|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO TIMES||2009 see more...||76158893|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO MULTIVERSITY||2009 see more...||76158895|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO TRANSFORMATION TAROT||2009 see more...||76159553|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO MEDITATION RESORT||2009 see more...||76158894|
|2000-11-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||NO-THOUGHT FOR THE DAY||2009 see more...||76159552|
|2001-02-14||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||OSHO NADABRAHMA MEDITATION||2009
|2001-05-14||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||ZORBA THE BUDDHA||76256883|
|2001-08-13||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||NO-THOUGHT FOR THE DAY||2009 see more...||76299057|
|2003-02-18||박경수, South Korea||KR||003347|
|2003-11-11||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO||2005 see more...||1248892|
|2004-07-14||SmartCity Gastro GmbH, Hannover||DE||OSHO-DISCO||304398799|
|2004-07-14||SmartCity Gastro GmbH, Hannover||DE||OSHO-DISKOTHEK||304398780|
|2004-07-28||Osho International Foundation, New York||US||OSHO||2009 see more...||76604494|
|2005-10-14||고재선, South Korea||KR||047870|
|2006-12-19||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||EM||OSHO||005568481|
|2007-08-01||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO GLIMPSE||1518177|
|2007-08-01||Osho International Foundation, Mumbai||IN||OSHO GLIMPSE||1518179|
|2007-08-03||Osho International Foundation, Zurich
(Ошо Интернашенал Фоундейшен)
|2007-09-25||Osho International Foundation, New York||MX||OSHO||0884755|
|2007-09-25||Osho International Foundation, New York||MX||OSHO||0884758|
|2009-04-20||Thomas Tieke, Germany||DE||3020090232946|
|2010-03-11||Osho International Foundation, New York||MX||OSHO||0884756|
|2010-06-03||Rajneesh Foundation International, Zurich
ｵｼｮｰ ｲﾝﾀｰﾅｼｮﾅﾙ ﾌｧｳﾝﾃﾞｰｼｮﾝ
|2012-07-26||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||US||85687380|
|2013-08-22||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||CH||OSHO||657804|
|2013-10-31||Istituto Osho Miasto A.P.S., Siena||EM||OSHO MIASTO||012270328|
|2015-01-23||Osho International Foundation, Zurich||WO : EM KR TR||OSHO||1245300|
www. domain names
Based on OIF's trademark claims for the word 'OSHO', OIF claimed control of the word 'Osho' in domain names.
On Jul 28, 2000 the National Arbitration Forum, USA, denied complainant's (Osho International Foundation, USA) request that ownership of the domain name oshoworld.com be transferred from Osho Rajyoga Meditation Centre, New Delhi to them.
© ℗ Copyright
There is an important difference between copyright ownership and a licence to publish copyrighted works. The first owner of a copyright, always the author, would issue licences to publish his works, or he could transfer ownership of his copyright to another legal entity.
When you see e.g. "© Rajneesh Foundation 1976" it could mean two things -
- a) Osho, the copyright owner, has licensed part of his copyright, i.e. the right to publish, under very specific conditions, or
- b) RF claims to be the copyright owner.
Note that a transfer of ownership can only be established by verifiable original transfer documents.
There seem to exist no verifiable, original transfer documents whatsoever between Osho and anyone else. Nonetheless, Osho International Foundation (OIF) claims to own the copyright of Osho's work. It has offered no proof of this. Moreover, its directors are involved in criminal charges, accusing them of forging an original document that would prove their ownership (see ref 1).
|year||copyright ownership||copyright licensees||(first time) copyright notices|
|1960||Subject to the Indian Copyright Act of 1957, Osho owns the copyright to all of his written, transcribed and recorded work.|
|1966||"Copyright by : Jeevan Jagriti Kendra, 505 Kalbadevi Road, Bombay-2 " in Path of Self-Realization|
|1968||"© Motilal Banarsidass. First Edition 1968." in Philosophy of Non-Violence|
|1969||On April 26, 1969 Osho allegedly signed a document that transfers his intellectual property rights to Jivan Jagruti Kendra. An original of the document has never been submitted and its authenticity is unknown. Therefore no transfer of copyright ownership between Osho and anyone else took place.||
The Acharya Shree Rajneesh Sahitya Publication Trust was set up to publish some of Osho's earliest books.
Jivan Jagruti Kendra was incorporated on Jun 11, 1969, but published Osho's books under this name as early as 1962.
|1973||JJK is renamed to Shree Rajneesh Foundation and subsequently registers Rajneesh Publications Pvt Ltd on Dec 10, 1973.|
|1974||"© Copyright 1974 by Rajneesh Foundation" in The Book of the Secrets, Vol 1
(Followed by many RF publications)
|1975||According to a document, allegedly signed by Osho, JJK changed its name to Rajneesh Foundation "by court order dated 23 October 1975". There are no records of this name change at the Indian Ministry of Corporate Affairs.|
|1978||On Jul 28, 1978 Osho allegedly signed a document in which he issues to Rajneesh Foundation, India a licence to publish a small selection of his works. An original of the document has never been submitted and its authenticity is unknown. Therefore no transfer of copyright ownership between Osho and anyone else took place.||
The Shree Rajneesh Foundation incorporates on Oct 16, 1978 as Rajneesh Foundation Ltd.
|1980||"© Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh" in The Heartbeat of the Absolute 1980, Arnold-Heinemann, New Delhi, India.
This is the only known publication that acknowledges Osho's copyright.
|1981||On Apr 1, 1981 Osho allegedly signed a document in which he issued to Rajneesh Foundation International a licence to publish a small selection of his works. An original of the document has never been submitted and its authenticity is unknown. Therefore no transfer of copyright ownership between Osho and anyone else took place. Also, RFI did not operate under that name until November that year.
On the same day, Apr 1, 1981, another document purports to tranfer alleged ownership of copyright of Osho's work from Rajneesh Foundation, India to Chidvilas Rajneesh Meditation Center (later known as Rajneesh Foundation International). Since RF India did not own the copyright of Osho's work, this document has no bearing on the question of copyright ownership.
|1982||On May 1, 1982 Osho allegedly signed a Power of Attorney that among other things transfers his intellectual property rights and copyright ownership to Ma Anand Sheela. On the same day a Notary Public is said to have certified this document. Both these documents were allegedly presented by Sheela, someone who was convicted and jailed for crimes committed at the time. Last not least, the originals of these documents have never been submitted and their authenticity is unknown at best and probably forged. (see ref 7) Therefore no transfer of copyright ownership between Osho and anyone else took place.||
"© Copyright 1976 Rajneesh Foundation International" in The Book of the Secrets, Vol 4, 1982
(Followed by many RFI publications)
|1983||Sheela then allegedly on May 10, 1983 signs a deed that transfered all of her "rights" to Rajneesh Foundation International. The authenticity of this document is just as unlikely as is that of the Power of Attorney.|
|1984||On Nov 4, 1984 Rajneesh Foundation Europe is registered in Switzerland.|
|1985||On Nov 23, 1985 a document purports to tranfer alleged ownership of copyright of Osho's work from Rajneesh Friends International (previously known as Rajneesh Foundation International) to Rajneesh Foundation Europe (later known as Osho International Foundation. Since Rajneesh Friends International did not own the copyright of Osho's work, this document, if it is authentic, would have no bearing on the question of copyright ownership.||
Near the end of the ranch, on Oct 18, 1985 RFI changed its name to Rajneesh Friends International.
On Nov 26, 1986 RFI was renamed to Chidvilas Foundation, Inc..
"Copyright: © 1986 Rajneesh Foundation of Europe" in The Last Testament, Vol 1, 1986-06
Chidvilas Foundation, Inc. is shut down on Aug 28, 1987.
"Copyright © Neo-Sannyas International" in That Art Thou, 1987, publisher The Rebel Publishing House, Germany
(Followed by a mixture of RFE and NSI publications)
"© 1987 Rajneeshdham" in The Rajneesh Bible, Vol 4, 1987-01
"Copyright: © The Rebel Publishing House" in Bhagwan: The Buddha for the Future, 1987, Rebel Publishing House, India
Sometime in 1988 Rajneesh Foundation Europe was renamed to Neo-Sannyas International Foundation.
Only once: "© Christoph Graf Keyserlingk 1988" in There Is Utopia - Es gibt Utopia, 1988, Edition Ekstasia, New York Tokio Paris Aberdeen
|1989||"© Sadhana Foundation, 1989" in From Sex to Superconsciousness, 1989, Orient Paperbacks |
(Also written as Sadhna Foundation. The copyright giver for Indian publishers like Orient Paperbacks and Diamond Pocket Books.)
Only once: "Copyright © Text 1989 by Labyrinth Publishing S.A. in The Everyday Meditator 1989, Labyrinth Publishing S.A., Switzerland
On Apr 25, 1990 Neo-Sannyas International Foundation changed its name to Osho International Foundation.
"Copyright Osho International Foundation in The Great Secret, 1990-09, The Rebel Publishing House, Germany
(Followed by many OIF books.)
|1991||"© Friends of Secrets, Cologne, Zurich, Sydney" in Vigyan Bhairav Tantra, First Series
"Copyright © Osho International 1991" in Contemplation Before Sleep 1995 Boxtree Ltd
|1992||(Followed by many more OIF books.)|
|2013||On June 7, 2013 a will, allegedly signed by Osho, was submitted by OIF lawyers to the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) stating a transfer of copyright ownership from Osho to the Neo-Sannyas International Foundation.
Criminal charges have been filed in India on Nov 18, 2013 by Yogesh Thakkar (Sw Premgeet) on behalf of Osho Friends Foundation, Pune. All members of Osho International Foundation, Switzerland – Michael O’Byrne (Sw Anand Jayesh), John Andrews (Sw Prem Amrito), D’Arcy O’Byrne (Sw Anand Yogendra), Klaus Steeg (Sw Anand Pramod) and Mukesh Kantilal Sarda (Sw Mukesh Bharti) and also Philip Toelkes (Sw Prem Niren) are accused of producing a forged will by Osho. (see ref 1, 2 & 3)
|2014||On January 3, 2014 OIF withdrew the alleged will from the OHIM procedings after it was exposed as a forgery. (see ref 4)
This incident shows why original documents are of such vital importance when trying to prove a transfer of ownership of copyrights. If people are prepared to forge "original" documents, they will be even less hesitant to forge alleged copies of documents. And furthermore, documents of such value and importance don't just disappear or get lost. If they can't be submitted they probably never existed in the first place.
|2016||On Aug 3 and Aug 12, 2016 the Mumbai High Court (aka The High Court of Bombay) got involved in the Pune police investigations into the alleged forgery of Osho's will, but it simply referred the matter back to the police. (see ref 5a & 5b)|
|2018||Apr 25, 2018 The High Court of Bombay directed the Pune police's Economic Offences Wing (EOW) to file a progress report by Jun 29. (see ref 5c)
Jul 13, 2018 The High Court of Bombay reprimands the EOW for continued lack of progress. (see ref 5d)
|2019||Apr 18, 2019 Serious deficiencies in the probe conducted by the investigating officers of Pune Police. (see ref 5e)
To this date, no original paper trail shows an indisputable transfer of copyright ownership of Osho's work between Osho and anyone else. (see ref 6 & 7)
|BX||Benelux (BE, LU, NL)|
|KR||Republic of Korea|
- 1) Osho Work court case page
- 2) The Alleged Last Will of Osho
- 3) Osho’s Signature On Alleged ‘Will’ Is a Forgery
- 4) Withdrawal of Osho’s ‘Will’
- 5a) Aug 4, 2016 - Verify if Osho signed will: Bombay High Court tells police
- 5b) Aug 12, 2016 - HC asks Pune police to trace, retrieve Osho’s will
- 5c) Apr 25, 2018 - Osho’s will: EOW submits progress report to HC
- 5d) Jul 13, 2018 - Bombay HC slams EOW for ‘unsatisfactory’ progress report in Osho will case
- 5e) Apr 18, 2019 - Shoddy probe into Osho’s ‘forged’ will’, says petitioner
- 6) The history of copyright claims for Osho’s work - claims and facts
- 7) The history of copyright claims for Osho’s work - questions and answers
- general information
- Complete list of country codes
- The Madrid System
- Registrar of Copyrights (India)
- US Patent and Trademark Office
- US Copyright Office (Library of Congress)
- in the sannyas wiki
- From Bhagwan to Osho: The story
- other external websites
- Did Osho ever transfer His copyrights to others? (at Osho Friends International, OFI)
- as above (Osho Friends International blog)
- Copyright of Audio/Video Recordings (at Osho Friends International, OFI)
- Osho's Copyrights (at Osho Viha)
- Copyright Information (at Osho International Foundation, OIF)
- Copyrights (at Osho International Foundation, OIF)
- OIF at the Swiss EDI
- Osho's Will ~ India Legal magazine
- The alleged will of Osho (YouTube)